HLA-DRB1, HLA-DRB3, HLA-DRB4 and HLA-DRB5 are difficult to type for several reasons. First, these four HLA alleles are highly polymorphic, meaning that they can have multiple variations that make it difficult to accurately type them. Second, these HLA alleles are located close together on human Chromosome 6, making it difficult to distinguish between them. Third, the allele sequences of are very similar, which can make it difficult to differentiate between them.
The difficulty in typing these HLA alleles is further compounded by the fact that they are not easily detected using molecular methods. Molecular methods such as PCR require a known sequence to be used as a reference to detect HLA alleles. However, due to their high degree of polymorphism, it can be difficult to find a reference sequence that accurately matches the allele that is being typed.
Lastly, the difficulty in typing these four HLA alleles is also due to the fact that they are not easily detected using serological methods. Serological methods such as ELISA require the presence of specific antibodies to accurately detect HLA alleles. However, due to high polymorphism, it can be difficult to find antibodies that can accurately detect them.
In conclusion, HLA-DRB1, HLA-DRB3, HLA-DRB4 and HLA-DRB5 are difficult to type due to their high polymorphism, their close location on chromosome 6, the similarity of their allele sequences, the difficulty in finding reference sequences for molecular methods, and the difficulty in finding antibodies for serological methods.
The Sequencing Center is one of the leading service providers for HLA Typing and Whole Genome Sequencing (WGS) in the USA. Offering affordable, high-coverage HLA typing results with 4-field resolution and microbial scale WGS, we provide clients with exceptional services, including DNA extraction, library prep, sequencing and bioinformatics. We work with leading research organizations world-wide in various fields including immunology, oncology, transplantation, inherited diseases, neurodegenerative diseases, and drug discovery and development.
1020 Luke Street
Fort Collins, CO 80524
(970) 682-1288 (Direct to lab)
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