Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA) typing is a critical process used in organ transplantation, immunology, and disease association studies. The accuracy of HLA typing is crucial to ensure correct compatibility assessment and to minimize the risk of graft rejection or misinterpretation of disease associations. This article discusses common failures in sample collection that can lead to issues or discrepancies in HLA typing accuracy and provides recommendations to avoid these pitfalls.
One of the most common issues in sample collection is the collection of an insufficient volume of the sample. Inadequate sample volume can lead to low DNA yields, which may compromise the accuracy and sensitivity of HLA typing assays.
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Contamination can occur at various stages of the sample collection process, including during sample handling, transport, or storage. Contamination can result in inaccurate HLA typing results or even false-positive or false-negative findings.
We recommend maintaining strict aseptic techniques during sample collection and handling. Use sterile and single-use equipment, and ensure that the working environment is clean and free of potential contaminants.
Hemolysis refers to the rupture of red blood cells, which can occur due to improper handling, storage, or transport of blood samples. Hemolysis may compromise the quality of the DNA extracted from the sample and affect the accuracy of HLA typing results.
Make sure you’re handling blood samples gently and avoid vigorous shaking or agitation. Store and transport blood samples according to the recommended conditions to minimize the risk of hemolysis.
The quality of the DNA extracted from the sample is critical for accurate HLA typing. Exposure to high temperatures, prolonged storage, or suboptimal storage conditions can lead to DNA degradation, which may compromise HLA typing accuracy.
Errors in sample labeling or mix-ups during sample handling can lead to discrepancies in HLA typing results, potentially resulting in incorrect compatibility assessments or misinterpretation of disease associations.
Accurate HLA typing relies heavily on the quality of the collected samples. By being aware of common failures in sample collection and following the recommendations provided, you can minimize the risk of issues or discrepancies in HLA typing accuracy. Proper sample collection, handling, and storage are crucial to ensure reliable results that can be confidently used for organ transplantation, immunology studies, and disease association research.
The Sequencing Center is one of the leading service providers for HLA Typing and Whole Genome Sequencing (WGS) in the USA. Offering affordable, high-coverage HLA typing results with 4-field resolution and microbial scale WGS, we provide clients with exceptional services, including DNA extraction, library prep, sequencing and bioinformatics. We work with leading research organizations world-wide in various fields including immunology, oncology, transplantation, inherited diseases, neurodegenerative diseases, and drug discovery and development.
1020 Luke Street
Fort Collins, CO 80524
(970) 682-1288 (Direct to lab)
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